Peripheral Vascular Disease Evaluation

Why is it important to evaluate peripheral vascular disease? It is because people with peripheral vascular disease can also have significant coronary artery disease and likely to die from coronary disease. Peripheral vascular disease is defined as atherosclerotic disease involving the peripheral circulation like carotids, upper and lower extremity vessels. This condition can be easily tested non-invasively by ABI (Ankle Brachial Index) and by using a Doppler machine.

ABI testing is done by measuring blood pressure in the arm and legs and comparing them. The lower the number the chance of peripheral vascular disease is higher. By applying Doppler ultrasound probe over the peripheral blood vessels, constriction in blood vessels and blood clots can be easily identified.